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Using Jest with React

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Setting up Jest + React Testing Library in an Interview environment

In Interview React environments, we use Vite as the bundler and dev server for your React project. We chose Vite for its simple setup, out-of-the-box TypeScript support, and hot module reloading. Unfortunately, the integration between Vite and Jest is still a work in progress.

To use Jest in your React project, we suggest using Babel to transpile your code. Our recommended approach is largely borrowed from this course. In this example, we will also be installing Testing Library for React.

NPM Dependencies

First, you will need to install several dev dependencies:

# Babel Dependencies
npm install -D @babel/preset-env @babel/preset-react @babel/preset-typescript

# Testing-library Dependencies
npm install -D @testing-library/react @testing-library/jest-dom @testing-library/user-event

# Jest Dependencies
npm install -D jest jest-environment-jsdomCode language: PHP (php)

Babel Configuration

Add a Babel config file in the root of the project called babel.config.js.

module.exports = {
  presets: [
    ['@babel/preset-react', {runtime: 'automatic'}],
};Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

Jest Configuration

Lastly, add a Jest config file and setup file in the root of the project called jest.config.js and jest.setup.js, respectively.

// jest.config.js
module.exports = {
  clearMocks: true,
  testEnvironment: "jsdom",
  setupFilesAfterEnv: [
  moduleNameMapper: {
    "\\.(css|less)$": "identity-obj-proxy"
// jest.setup.js
import "@testing-library/jest-dom";Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

At this point, you can add npm to your scripts to run Jest.

// In package.json
"scripts": {
  "test": "jest",
  "test:watch": "jest --watchAll"
}Code language: JavaScript (javascript)

Now, you can run npm run test or npm run test:watch in the interactive shell to run the unit tests in your React project.

You can test this out in the sandbox below: